EFFICIENT WASTEWATER TREATMENT THROUGH INTEGRATED WATER HYACINTH SYSTEMS: ADVANCES AND APPLICATIONS IN CONCRETE

  • Ananthakumar Ayyadurai Vivekanandha College of Technology for Women, Tiruchengode 637205, Tamilnadu, India
  • M. M. Saravanan Vivekanandha College of Technology for Women, Tiruchengode 637205, Tamilnadu, India
  • M. Devi Vivekanandha College of Technology for Women, Tiruchengode 637205, Tamilnadu, India
Keywords: Eichhornia Crassipes, wetland, biological treatment, charcoal, heavy metal, silicafume, compressive strength, flexural strength, split tensile strength

Abstract

This research focuses on enhancing water quality for concrete construction by utilizing treated wastewater from wetlands. The study employs a dual-stage treatment process involving charcoal and aggregate layers for primary treatment, followed by water hyacinths for secondary treatment. Investigating water hyacinths’ ability to absorb nutrients and contaminants from wastewater is a unique aspect of the study, offering a potential solution for soil and water remediation. Water hyacinths, especially stems and leaves, act as natural filters, effectively indicating heavy-metal pollution in tropical regions. The primary goal is heavy-metal removal from wastewater, allowing treated-water use in concrete production at varying proportions (20 %, 40 %, 60 %, 80 %, and 100 %). Silica fume at 15 % concentration is incorporated to enhance the concrete’s durability. Concrete specimens undergo thorough preparation and mechanical property evaluations, compared to conventional M20-grade concrete. The results reveal improvements in mechanical properties, particularly with 80 % treated wastewater in the mix. The dual-stage treatment process removes heavy metals, and the inclusion of silica fume enhances the concrete’s durability and resistance.

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Published
2024-04-03
How to Cite
1.
Ayyadurai A, Saravanan MM, Devi M. EFFICIENT WASTEWATER TREATMENT THROUGH INTEGRATED WATER HYACINTH SYSTEMS: ADVANCES AND APPLICATIONS IN CONCRETE. MatTech [Internet]. 2024Apr.3 [cited 2024May18];58(2):173–184. Available from: https://mater-tehnol.si/index.php/MatTech/article/view/914