• Bradeesh Moorthy S. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Government College of Technology, Coimbatore, India
  • Malayalamurthy R. Government College of Engineering, Salem, India
  • Amirthagadeswaran K. S. Department of Robotics and Automation Engineering, United Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, India
Keywords: E350 Steel, microstructure, activated flux, fatigue, TIG dressing


Activated flux has been used successfully to improve the penetration of Tungsten Inert-Gas (TIG) welding, which is normally a welding process with low penetration. But the same activated flux when used for Metal Active Gas (MAG) welding showed a moderate improvement in penetration. Hence only a few research articles reported on activated flux MAG welding. TIG dressing is a post-weld treatment intended to improve the fatigue life of welded joints. The use of activated flux along with TIG dressing were not yet reported. In this work, an experimental study was conducted on the metallurgical changes and their effects on fatigue life in E350 steel welded by MAG welding with activated flux coating as well as toe TIG dressing. The metallurgical changes induced by various weld conditions and the effect on the fatigue life of welded joints were discussed. Welding conditions were categorised as: as weld (AW), weld with flux coating (FW), weld with TIG dressing (AWT), and flux weld with TIG dressing (FWT). Fatigue tests at stress ranges closer to the yield stress (80 % to 90 % of yield) were studied. In comparison with AW joints, the AWT and FWT showed a fatigue-life improvement of 60 % to 80 %, and 69 % to 103 % respectively. Whereas the FW joints showed 10 % to 17 % deterioration in fatigue life. Upon investigation with electron microscopy it was found that the variation in grain sizes and phase changes induced by the usage of flux and TIG dressing, as well as the changes in weld toe radius by TIG dressing and root strengthening due to extra penetration induced by the use of flux were the reasons behind these fatigue behaviours. In this work a novel effort is made to find a way to improve the fatigue life of a welded joint with a combination of two techniques. The activated flux is used to improve the penetration, whereas TIG dressing is performed to reduce the stress concentration. This new combination of techniques has improved the fatigue life of the weld significantly, which can lead to reduced maintenance costs of welded joints and a longer life.


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How to Cite
S.BM, R.M, K. S.A. EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON MAG WELDED E350 HSLA STEEL JOINTS. MatTech [Internet]. 2024Apr.3 [cited 2024May18];58(2):209–215. Available from: https://mater-tehnol.si/index.php/MatTech/article/view/1062